On August 2021, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change or IPCC released a report to which the UN referred to as the  “red code for humanity”. The report elucidated the amount of warming and the natural calamities we would have to face in the coming decade. This report underlined and acknowledge the severity of climate change. This blog focuses on the climate change meaning and consequences.

What is Climate Change:

Climate Change

Climate change meaning refers to the long-term change in the temperature and typical weather of a place. It includes global warming largely caused by human activities such as the burning of fossil fuels which release greenhouse gasses into the atmosphere. Greenhouse gases, majorly carbon dioxide (CO2), cause the atmosphere to trap heat resulting in the Earth’s temperature to rise up. This process is known as the ‘greenhouse effect’.

Reality of Climate Change:

It is difficult to believe that climate change was first addressed as an ‘international issue’ as early as 1988. In 1938, Guy Callender was the first to discover that the planet had warmed. Climate Change works in a really latent but aggressive manner.

There is a time lag for the effects to settle in and actually be noticed. After decades of international neglect climate change has become visible and grave. Concerning and recognized, climate change has become an international problem. Effects spanning decades and affecting centuries , it is an understatement to say that climate change is in fact real.

To know furthermore and understand the gravity of climate change consider :
Effects of climate change
Effects of climate change from the past century have finally started to settle in. while we are finally understanding what is the meaning of climate change.

Examples that proves Climate Change is real and here:

Global Warming

Global Warming

Global warming, another term that we use interchangeably with climate change, is in fact, an effect of the latter.

Lack of humidity, high temperature, and other conditions needed for forest and bush fires are becoming very likely. Recent forest fires like Australian bushfires, Siberia wildfires, Amazon rainforest wildfires, and California wildfires are among the largest forest fires of the 21st century.

The warming up of the earth’s surface causes many problems like depletion of ozone, shortage of water, and rise in the ocean level. If climate change worsens, our way of living will be transformed as the shortage of water will make it harder to produce food.

Rise in Sea Level

Rise in the water level and temperature of certain regions will make it impossible to be habitable. It is believed that 30 years from now, Manila, Philippines, would likely be submerged due to the coastal flooding caused by climate change. In the Manila Bay area, the water level is estimated to be rising 4 times faster than the global average rate.

The increase in ocean water level is a grave concern for coastal cities.

Rise in sea levels

Habitat Loss

Habitat Loss

As their habitat changes, it would force animals to move to find an alternative. But due to the rapid change in climate, they are most likely to get extinct. As the permafrost polar region thaws and finally, melts, polar bears will be at risk of disappearing.

Coral Bleaching & Food Chain

Not only that, but the wildlife living below the ocean will also bear a great impact. The ocean temperature will rise, warming up the water which can panic the Atlantic Salmon as they are cold-water species that are very sensitive to any temperature change in the water.

Coral Bleaching

Similarly, Coral Reefs around the world have started ‘bleaching’. Coral bleaching is an occurrence where corals expel algae living in their tissues when the temperature of the water increases. Coral Reefs are also extremely sensitive to temperature changes in the water.

In the past five years, the Great Barrier Reef has suffered a great deal of bleaching. Bleaching does not mean that the reefs are dead but shows that they are under major stress and if the bleaching persists, they might die. Reefs are very crucial as they are the ecosystem for life underwater. Without reefs, billions of sea life species would be devastated and millions of people would lose their most significant food source.


With the amount of greenhouse gases emitted into the atmosphere, it is guaranteed that it will get worse if we don’t act fast and swiftly. There is nowhere to run and nowhere to hide. There is no Planet B.

Read more about: Ways to help fight climate change 

Global measures taken to curb climate change

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